How well-read was Jesus? The LOY segment entitled Innocent Blood probes the possibility that Jesus read and quoted a no longer extant Second Temple-period Jewish literary work that warned against violent religious extremism.
In rabbinic parables God could be portrayed as behaving in a morally ambiguous manner: he might be a cruel slave owner or a heartless judge. In a few Lukan parables, Jesus also portrayed God as behaving scandalously. Often unsettling for modern readers, such portrayals added humorous elements to the plot and heightened the dramatic effect.