Jerusalem Perspective (JP) is an online publication dedicated to understanding Jesus and the Gospels in their historical, cultural and religious contexts (see the “About JP” page). JP will consider for publication submissions that are well-suited to its audience, that are pertinent to our areas of interest, that are of high quality and that offer fresh insights and deeper understanding of the issues the submissions set out to discuss.


JP articles are intended for well-informed laypersons who are eager to learn more about the world of the Gospels. JP’s audience includes Christians of various denominations and traditions, Jewish readers of all backgrounds, and readers without any particular faith commitments. JP articles should be relevant and edifying for its entire audience.


JP will consider for publication submissions that examine a story, saying or theme in the Gospels in the light of Second Temple Jewish thought and practice as illuminated by ancient Jewish and non-Jewish literary and epigraphic sources, archaeology, geography, original languages, etc. Conversely, JP will consider submissions that examine ancient Jewish historical events, traditions, customs etc., in relation to Jesus and/or the Gospels. JP will also consider submissions that examine parallel versions of stories or sayings in the Gospels in order to understand how these versions developed and/or to reconstruct earlier versions of the saying or story or the actual events behind the text.

Submissions mostly likely to be accepted for publication will introduce an aspect of the Gospels, of Second Temple history or of first-century Judaism that is not well understood by laypersons and that has not already been discussed in previously published JP articles.


All JP submissions must meet the standards of excellence JP’s readers have come to expect. These standards include clear and concise writing that is well researched and well documented and that interacts with primary sources and scholarly literature. Every JP submission must be the author’s own work.

JP will consider fact-based submissions that accurately contextualize ancient texts, concepts or phenomena for our readers. JP will not consider pieces that use a Scripture text as pretext for making a theological point. JP is not a forum for opinion pieces, a platform for theological debate, a collection of sermons, or an online devotional.


With its online format, JP is not constrained by limits of space. Submissions may be of any length the author feels is required to present their information in a clear and stimulating manner. Some articles are quite long (e.g., Huub van de Sandt’s article on the Didache), while others are quite short (e.g., David Flusser’s article on parables). Authors should feel free to make the length of their submissions match the size of the topic.



The spelling of technical terms should match those found in JP’s glossary.


Greek and Hebrew should be transliterated according to the following directions:

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Bibliographical references should be included in the submission’s footnotes and follow the following formats:


First name Last name, Title (City: Publisher, date)[, page(s)].

Example: Geza Vermes, Jesus the Jew: A Historian’s Reading of the Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1981)[, 155].


For articles in Journals:

First name Last name, “Title” Journal Title (date): pages.

Example: Rudolf Pesch, “The Markan Version of the Healing of the Gerasene Demoniac,” Ecumenical Review 23.4 (1971): 349-376.

For articles in Books:

First name Last Name, “Article Title,” in Book Title (ed. First name Last name; City: Publisher, date), pages.

Example: Michael E. Stone, “The Axis of History at Qumran,” in Pseudepigraphic Perspectives: The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha In Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. Esther G. Chazon and Michael E. Stone; Leiden: Brill, 1999), 133-149.


Biblical Books

Abbreviations of biblical books should be as follows:

Hebrew Bible

Gen.; Exod.; Lev.; Num.; Deut.; Josh.; Judg.; 1 Sam.; 2 Sam.; 1 Kgs.; 2 Kgs.; Isa.; Jer.; Ezek.; Hos.; Joel; Amos; Obad.; Jonah; Mic.; Nah.; Hab.; Zeph.; Hag.; Zech.; Mal.; Ps.; Job; Prov.; Ruth; Song; Eccl.; Lam.; Esth.; Dan.; Ezra; Neh.; 1 Chr.; 2 Chr.


Gen.; Exod.; Lev.; Num.; Deut.; Josh.; Judg.; Ruth; 1 Kgdms.; 2 Kgdms.; 3 Kgdms.; 4 Kgdms.; 1 Chr.; 2 Chr.; 1 Esd.; 2 Esd.; Esth.; Add. Esth.; Jdt.; Tob.; 1 Macc.; 2 Macc.; 3 Macc.; 4 Macc.; Ps.; Pr. Man.; Prov.; Eccl.; Song; Job; Wis.; Sir.; Pss. Sol.; Hos.; Joel; Amos; Obad.; Jonah; Mic.; Nah.; Hab.; Zeph.; Hag.; Zech.; Mal.; Isa.; Jer.; Bar.; Lam.; Ep. Jer.; Ezek.; Dan.; Add. Dan.; Pr. Azar.; Bel; Sg. Three; Sus.

New Testament

Matt.; Mark; Luke; John; Acts; Rom.; 1 Cor.; 2 Cor.; Gal.; Eph.; Phil.; Col.; 1 Thess.; 2 Thess.; 1 Tim.; 2 Tim.; Titus; Phlm.; Heb.; Jas.; 1 Pet.; 2 Pet.; 1 John; 2 John; 3 John; Jude; Rev.

Rabbinic Sources

m. = Mishnah
t. = Tosefta
b. = Bavli
y. = Yerushalmi


Alphabetically Mishnaic Order
Arach. = Arachin Ber. = Berachot
Avod. Zar. = Avodah Zarah Peah = Peah
Avot = Avot Dem. = Demai
Bab. Bat. = Baba Batra Kil. = Kilayim
Bab. Kam. = Baba Kama Shev. = Sheviit
Bab. Metz. = Baba Metzia Ter. = Terumot
Bech. = Bechorot Maas. = Maaserot
Ber. = Berachot Maas. Sh. = Maaser Sheni
Betz. = Betzah Hal. = Hallah
Bik. = Bikkurim Orl. = Orlah
Dem. = Demai Bik. = Bikkurim
Edu. = Eduyot Shab. = Shabbat
Eruv. = Eruvin Eruv. = Eruvin
Git. = Gittin Pes. = Pesahim
Hag. = Hagigah Shek. = Shekalim
Hal. = Hallah Yom. = Yoma
Hor. = Horayot Suk. = Sukkah
Hul. = Hullin Betz. = Betzah
Kel. = Kelim Rosh Hash. = Rosh Hashanah
Ker. = Keritot Taan. = Taanit
Ket. = Ketuvot Meg. = Megillah
Kid. = Kiddushin Moed Kat. = Moed Katan
Kil. = Kilayim Hag. = Hagigah
Kin. = Kinnim Yev. = Yevamot
Maas. = Maaserot Ket. = Ketuvot
Maas. Sh. = Maaser Sheni Ned. = Nedarim
Mak. = Makkot Naz. = Nazir
Maksh. = Makshirin Sot. = Sotah
Meg. = Megillah Git. = Gittin
Meil. = Meilah Kid. = Kiddushin
Men. = Menahot Bab. Kam. = Baba Kama
Mid. = Middot Bab. Metz. = Baba Metzia
Mik. = Mikvaot Bab. Bat. = Baba Batra
Moed Kat. = Moed Katan Sanh. = Sanhedrin
Naz. = Nazir Mak. = Makkot
Ned. = Nedarim Shevu. = Shevuot
Neg. = Negaim Edu. = Eduyot
Nid. = Niddah Avod. Zar. = Avodah Zarah
Ohol. = Oholot Avot = Avot
Orl. = Orlah Hor. = Horayot
Par. = Parah Zev. = Zevahim
Peah = Peah Men. = Menahot
Pes. = Pesahim Hul. = Hullin
Rosh Hash. = Rosh Hashanah Bech. = Bechorot
Sanh. = Sanhedrin Arach. = Arachin
Shab. = Shabbat Tem. = Temurah
Shek. = Shekalim Ker. = Keritot
Shev. = Sheviit Meil. = Meilah
Shevu. = Shevuot Tam. = Tamid
Sot. = Sotah Mid. = Middot
Suk. = Sukkah Kin. = Kinnim
Taan. = Taanit Kel. = Kelim
Tam. = Tamid Ohol. = Oholot
Tem. = Temurah Neg. = Negaim
Ter. = Terumot Par. = Parah
Tev. Yom = Tevul Yom Toh. = Tohorot
Toh. = Tohorot Mik. = Mikvaot
Ukz. = Ukzin Nid. = Niddah
Yad. = Yadayim Maksh. = Makshirin
Yev. = Yevamot Zav. = Zavim
Yom. = Yoma Tev. Yom = Tevul Yom
Zav. = Zavim Yad. = Yadayim
Zev. = Zevahim Ukz. = Ukzin

Examples of citations of rabbinic works:
m. Sanh. 10:2
y. Sanh. 10:2 [52b]
b. Sanh. 5b
Avot de-Rabbi Natan, Version A, §39
Mechilta de-Rabbi Ishmael, Shirata §7
Gen. Rab. 3:1
Sifre Num. §69

Other Ancient Sources

Abbreviations for Pseudepigrapha, DSS, Philo, Josephus, Classical sources and Early Christian literature follow the SBL Handbook of Style.

Series Submissions

Submissions to JP’s “Holy Land Postcard” series should select a site located in biblical environs that the writer has visited. The “postcard” should briefly explain the site’s significance. Provide biblical and historical background that makes the site come alive to readers. Include photos (with captions) that allow readers to view the site from all angles.

Submissions to JP’s “Character Profile” series should select an historical person mentioned in the Gospels or who helped shaped the world in which the Gospels are set. Explain what contribution this individual made to Second Temple Jewish society and how that person’s influence is felt in the pages of the Gospels or in the teachings of Jesus.

Essays included in the “From Moses’ Seat” series are by invitation only.

How to Submit

Fill out the form below with your name, e-mail address, and brief abstract of submission, and a member of JP’s editorial staff will be in touch.