At some point during his public career, Jesus selected twelve of his most trusted full-time disciples and sent them out as emissaries (apostles) to Israel. These twelve emissaries were to heal and teach in his name, and proclaim the good news of the redemption of Israel by means of God’s Kingdom breaking into the human sphere.
During the stages of transmission from the conjectured Hebrew Life of Yeshua to the Synoptic Gospels the full story of the apostles’ redemptive mission was broken apart. All three Synoptic Gospels report the sending out of Jesus’ emissaries (Luke does so in two versions), but only Luke and Mark report their return (Luke 9:10a; 10:17-20; Mark 6:30). In Luke, two additional pericopae (Yeshua’s Thanksgiving Hymn and Blessedness of the Twelve) form Jesus’ pleased response (Luke 10:21-24). Matthew also reports these pericopae, but not in the context of the emissaries’ return. David Flusser suggested that a third pericope, Mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven (Matt. 13:10-15; Mark 4:10-12; Luke 8:9-10), may also have formed part of Jesus’ response to the success of the apostles’ mission. In the “Mission of the Twelve” complex we attempt to reconstruct the complete story of the apostles’ mission.
Click on the following titles to view the Reconstruction and Commentary for each pericope in the “Mission of the Twelve” complex.
Mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven (in preparation)