UA-34994781-1

“One could illustrate the worth of belonging to my band of disciples by comparing it to a man who stumbles upon buried treasure in a field. What does he do? He reburies it, and in his excitement goes and sells everything he owns to get enough money to buy the field and obtain the treasure.
“Or, one could illustrate its worth by analogy to a man who has spent his life buying and selling rare pearls. One day he comes upon the perfect pearl. What does he do? He goes and sells everything he owns to get enough money to buy it.”

In this essay, professor David Flusser of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem evaluates Robert Lindsey’s solution to the Synoptic Problem. Flusser writes: “Had someone managed to excavate some recessed cavern in the Desert of Judea and found an ancient jar containing Matthew’s eyewitness story of Jesus, newspapers and periodicals would long ago have publicized the discovery. ‘Finds’ made by retranslating to Hebrew Greek texts written nearly two thousand years ago—such as those in our first three Gospels—are considered to be less newsworthy.”

Shortly afterward, accompanied by a large crowd of his disciples, he went to the town of Nain. As he approached the town’s entrance, he met a funeral procession. The dead man was the only son of a widow, and no small crowd from the town was with her. When the Lord saw her his heart went out to her.
“Don’t cry,” he said….


A Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels, with a Reconstruction of Their Conjectured Hebrew Ancestor

Under the direction of David Bivin, Jerusalem Perspective has launched an attempt to reconstruct the account of Jesus’ life which, according to church tradition, was written in Hebrew by Jesus’ disciple Matthew.

The Map offers an overview of the conjectured order of stories as they appeared in the Hebrew Life of Yeshua.

Because we believe the Hebrew Life of Yeshua was ordered differently than any of the canonical Gospels, we have provided a “Map of the Conjectured Hebrew Life of Yeshua” that presents the Gospel stories in the conjectured order in which they originally appeared. But since readers may wish to simply look up a Gospel passage in the reconstruction, we have provided this key for easy reference.

A recognition of the importance of Hebrew in understanding the Gospels is a new contribution to grappling with the synoptic problem.

Upon leaving the synagogue, he [Yeshua] went to Shimon’s home. Now Shimon’s mother-in-law had taken ill with a fever. So they implored him [Yeshua] to heal her. Standing over her, he spoke sharply to the fever. The fever vanished, and she got to her feet and began serving them.

Shortly afterward, accompanied by a large crowd of his disciples, he went to the town of Nain. As he approached the town’s entrance, he met a funeral procession. The dead man was the only son of a widow, and no small crowd from the town was with her. When the Lord saw her his heart went out to her.
“Don’t cry,” he said….

Yeshua’s response to the rich man and Yeshua’s subsequent teaching about the importance of counting the cost of discipleship may have been prompted solely by the rich man’s question.

“One could illustrate the worth of belonging to my band of disciples by comparing it to a man who stumbles upon buried treasure in a field. What does he do? He reburies it, and in his excitement goes and sells everything he owns to get enough money to buy the field and obtain the treasure.
“Or, one could illustrate its worth by analogy to a man who has spent his life buying and selling rare pearls. One day he comes upon the perfect pearl. What does he do? He goes and sells everything he owns to get enough money to buy it.”

A little Jewish background provides an important perspective on the Lord’s Prayer and removes the notion that all prayers should be short.

Without a knowledge of the saying’s context, the saying about eyes and ears and prophets and righteous men, seems quite prosaic. However, if this saying deals with the Kingdom of Heaven, it could be one of Yeshua’s most important sayings.

Yeshua directs Peter and John to go and prepare the Passover “that we may eat it.” When they arrive at the place where the meal will be eaten, the owner shows the disciples a furnished dining room where they can hold the celebration.

One of the clues that the Synoptic Gospels descended from a Hebrew Life of Yeshua is the number of foreign words that were transliterated into Greek from either Hebrew or Aramaic (it is often impossible to distinguish Hebrew from Aramaic in Greek transliteration).

The writing style of the author of the Gospel of Mark has long been regarded as idiosyncratic. Its pervasive use of the “historical present” and its bizarre proliferation of the word εὐθύς are two well-known examples. Although Mark is not the best source for the most authentic and historical traditions about Yeshua—for that we must turn to Luke and the non-Markan portions of Matthew—Mark remains an important and valuable witness to the development of pre-synoptic traditions and the way they were understood by the early Church.

To receive announcements about newly published articles and eBooks, upcoming events and special sales, just enter your email address and name and click the “Keep Me Informed” button.

Email:  

For Email Newsletters you can trust

One aspect of the cultural context of the Gospels that is often overlooked is the role played by animals. In this article I will explore the significance of chickens in first-century Jewish culture and the part they play in the story of Jesus.

Did Luke see and omit Mark 6:45-8:21, or did Mark see and omit Luke 9:51-18:14? The present article explores the possibility that the Markan pericope, “What Makes a Person Impure” in Mark 7:1-23 is dependent upon the Lukan pericope on “Discourse against the Pharisees” in Luke 11:37-41.

Follow Garcia as he challenges Taylor’s work and brings about the conclusion that “We should attribute any differences between Galileans and Judeans primarily to issues of opposing halakhic opinions.”

The concept of ritual purity is perhaps one of the most difficult concepts in the Bible for people to grasp today. Whereas in many “traditional” societies the concept of ritual purity was (and is) taken for granted in daily life, the whole framework for the concept of ritual purity is totally foreign to the secular western mindset.

The growing value placed on charity in the first century C.E. cannot be overstated. As a new sensitivity developed within Judaism that challenged the compensatory “blessings and curses” paradigm of the Hebrew Bible (cf. Deut. 28) as a basis to serve God, so there was a shifting emphasis towards altruistic love embodied in the Levitical commandment, “…and you shall love your neighbor as yourself (וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ אֲנִי יי; Lev. 19:18).”

The first article I wrote on the interrelationships of Matthew, Mark and Luke to each other and to other canonical and non-canonical sources appeared in the journal Novum Testamentum. With further research, however, I refined my hypothesis.

When the Israeli soldiers captured the Old City of Jerusalem during the Six-Day War, many Christians regarded this event as the fulfillment of Jesus’ prophecy in the New Testament: Jerusalem will be trampled by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled, (Luke 21:24). There is no need to wonder at this reaction within certain Christian circles, since there has always been a stream within Christianity which looks forward to a return to Zion at the end of days. Their hope is based both on the words of the Hebrew Scriptures and upon certain passages in the New Testament that reflect the hope for Israel’s national redemption.

Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount deserves endless study, and the more one studies ancient Jewish sources, the clearer the meaning of these words of Jesus becomes. Even at first glance, Matthew 5:17-48, the core of the Sermon on the Mount, has a distinctly Jewish feel. On the surface, however, this sermon can give the dangerous and deceiving impression that it sharply opposes the spirit of Judaism.

In 1959 I found myself attempting to study the Greek text of the Gospel of Mark with a view to translating it to modern Hebrew. The rather strange Greek of Mark, the Hebraic word-order, and the impossibility of rendering to Hebrew some of the special Markan Grecisms (like καὶ εὐθύς and πάλιν, which have no ancient Hebrew equivalents) left me wondering what kind of literary creation we have in this fascinating book.

Becker discusses a JP article where one verse of Mark has Jesus using an idiom which might be misunderstood by translators. Becker purports that the discovery should engage our readers on the topic of death after death.

This poem by Elhanan Ben-Avraham is accompanied with his rendering of Joseph with his brothers before him. The poem parallels the story of Joseph and that of Yeshua and his brothers, the children of Israel.

Some months ago, pastor-blogger Trevin Wax posted an article called “Urban Legends: The Preacher’s Edition.” There he lists several “urban legends” that he’s heard floating around lately in sermons. Like Internet rumors that people forward on ad infinitum, these preaching illustrations don’t have much grounding in fact.

Login

Shopping Cart

Your shopping cart is empty
Visit the shop

From Our Blog

In this lecture, David Pileggi examines the Jewish origin of discipleship, which is founded on the principle of the imitation of God. Pileggi shows how discipleship is related to the repeated statement in Leviticus, “Be holy, for I am holy,” and discusses how this biblical theme informed the teachings of Jesus.

Abraham and/or Isaac (7) Academic (21) Acts of the Apostles (37) Advanced Reading (24) Agriculture (15) Amoraim (5) Anti-Semitism (14) Apocalyptic Literature (7) Apocrypha (16) Aramaic Language (40) Archaeology (38) Armies and the Military (6) Article Series (12) Bar-Kochva Letters (8) Bible Translation (93) Biblical Geography (21) Biblical Prophecy (13) Biblical Theology (51) Bibliography (5) Brad Young (23) Brian Becker (7) Cairo Genizah (5) Canon (9) Chana Safrai (6) Charismatics (Hasidim) and Their Literature (12) Children (7) Church and Synagogue (30) Church Fathers (26) Church History (18) Commandments (18) Commentary (52) Commerce and Business (10) Culture and Customs (96) David Bivin (174) David Flusser (54) David Pileggi (8) Dead Sea Scrolls (62) Death and Burial (8) Devotional (36) Diaspora (5) Disciples and Discipleship (46) Dwight Pryor (8) Early Christianity (30) Early Jewish Interpretation of Scripture (87) Education (7) English Versions of the Bible (20) Epistle of Ephesians (7) Epistle of Galatians (8) Epistle of James (13) Epistle of Romans (27) Epistle to the Hebrews (13) Epistles of Corinthians (25) Epistles of Paul (23) Epistles of Peter (7) Epistles of Thessalonians (5) Eschatology (7) Essene Theology (12) Essene Thought and Practice (25) Exposition of Scripture (74) First-century Jewish Languages (60) First-century Jewish Sects (48) Fishing (6) Fishing and the Sea of Galilee (15) Flora and Fauna (8) Food and Food Preparation (10) Free Articles (100) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) (56) Galilee (16) Gentiles (26) Gnosticism (5) Gospel of John (49) Gospel of Luke (183) Gospel of Mark (97) Gospel of Matthew (157) Greek Language (64) Greek Manuscripts of the New Testament (9) Haggadah (5) Halachah (35) Halvor Ronning (11) Healing and Miracles (8) Hebrew Language (118) Hebrew Nuggets (26) Hebrew Reconstruction (25) Hermeneutics (6) Herod and the Herodian Family (15) Historical Jesus (62) History (29) Holidays and Calendar (22) Holy Spirit (10) Idioms (Hebraisms; Aramaisms; Grecisms) (66) Intertestamental Literature (20) Jack Poirier (27) Jerusalem School (24) Jesus' Messianic Claims (22) Jesus' Theology (44) Jewish Roots of Christianity (19) Jewish Sages and Teachers (44) Jewish-Christian Relations (23) John the Baptist (22) Josa Bivin (13) Joseph Frankovic (40) Josephus (8) Josephus and His Writings (39) Joshua N. Tilton (25) JP #46-47 (5) Judea (9) Kenneth R. Mullican, Jr. (7) Kingdom of Heaven (44) Lauren S. Asperschlager (12) Life of Jesus (88) Literary Forms (32) Lord's Prayer (15) LOY Commentary (15) Marriage and Divorce (6) Marvin R. Wilson (7) Media Archives (7) Mendel Nun (11) Messiah and Messianism (26) Midrash (51) Minor Agreements (10) Miracles and Miracle Workers (11) Mishnaic Hebrew (20) Modern Israel (25) New Testament Theology (39) Numismatics (6) Occupations and Professions (14) Oral Torah (47) Parables (51) Passover (9) Paul and His Writings (33) Pauline Theology (24) Peter (9) Pharisees (31) Philo (9) Photo Essays (8) Pieter Lechner (7) Pilgrimage (10) Poetry (7) Potential Fallacies in Christian Teaching (45) Poverty and Wealth (11) Prayer and Liturgy (35) Priest and Priesthood (24) Proselytes and God-fearers (8) Pseudepigrapha (12) Qumran Community (22) R. Steven Notley (34) Rabbinic Literature (122) Rabbinic Theology (53) Randall Buth (27) Ray Pritz (7) Revelation of John (13) Reviews (18) Ritual Purity (12) Rituals (9) Robert Lindsey (65) Rulers and Administrators (10) Sabbath (11) Sadducees (16) Sages and Teachers (44) Samaritans (6) Sample Articles from our Premium Content (free) (17) Sayings of Jesus (149) Scribes and Writing (10) Sea of Galilee (15) Semitisms (44) Septuagint (10) Septuagint and Septuagintalisms (21) Shmuel Safrai (40) Slaves and Slavery (5) Source Q (6) Study of Torah (20) Synagogue (17) Synoptic Gospels (114) Synoptic Problem (54) Tannaim (25) Targum (12) Taxes (7) Temple (50) Textual Criticism (12) The Four Gospels (18) Tithing and Giving to the Poor (12) Todd Bolen (5) Transmission of the Life of Jesus (39) Weather and Climate (9) Women and Femininity (6) World to Come (10)