Although priests wore a turban-like headdress, other Jews of the Second Temple period did not wear a headcovering.
It is certain that Jesus, a Jew residing in the land of Israel in the first century, did not wear a kippah (skullcap).
The custom of wearing a kippah arose in Babylonia between the third and fifth centuries C.E. among the non-Jewish residents—Jewish residents of Babylonia had not yet adopted this custom, as the Dura-Europos frescoes show—and passed from there to the Jewish community of Europe.
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Professor and Rabbi Shmuel Safrai died on July 16, 2003. He was buried the following day in a section of Jerusalem's Har ha-Menuhot Cemetery reserved for faculty of the Hebrew University. His grave is only a few feet from the grave of his close friend… [Read more about author]