In 1969, large stone containers were unearthed in the Jewish Quarter excavations in Jerusalem's Old City. "What were these vessels used for?" the archaeologists asked. The Gospel of John provided the answer.
In December 1969 we started to dig in Area B of the Jewish Quarter excavations. The late Professor Nahman Avigad directed the excavations, and Ami Mazar, now Professor of Archaeology at the Hebrew University, was Area Supervisor. When Ami was called up for reserve army duty, I replaced him.
As the work advanced, we discovered that the building in Area B was destroyed in a violent fire. We soon named this building the “Burnt House.” The fire had caused the buildings walls to collapse, trapping under them everything that had been in the house. From the pottery vessels and coins found in the building (the latest of the coins were minted in the fourth year of the Jewish revolt against Rome, 69 C.E.), we concluded that the building, along with the entire city of Jerusalem, was destroyed in the year 70 C.E.
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Archaeologist and epigrapher, Professor Ronny Reich was head of the Department of Archaeology of Haifa University in Israel. Reich received his Ph.D. in Archaeology in 1990 from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem for a dissertation, "Miqwa'ot [Jewish ritual immersion baths] in the Land of Israel… [Read more about author]