There are many parallels between the teaching of Jesus and that of Jewish sages mentioned in rabbinic sources. An understanding of rabbinic sayings can provide added insight into what Jesus taught.
Jesus said, “With the measure you measure, it will be measured to you” (Matt. 7:2; Luke 6:38), a saying that was used by rabbinic sages to teach the moral principle that the way we treat others will be the way God treats us. The fuller context of Jesus’ saying is:
Judge not, that you be not judged. For with the judgment you judge you will be judged, and with the measure [literally, measuring vessel] you [use to] measure, it will be measured to you. Why do you see the splinter in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log in your own eye?
In other words, the standard of justice we use will be the same standard used by God in meting out reward and punishment to us.